Handbook of Learning Analytics

Chapter 12

Handbook of Learning Analytics
First Edition

Learning Analytics Dashboards

Joris Klerkx, Katrien Verbert & Erik Duval


This chapter presents learning analytics dashboards that visualize learning traces to give users insight into the learning process. Examples are shown of what data these dashboards use, for whom they are intended, what the goal is, and how data can be visualized. In addition, guidelines on how to get started with the development of learning analytics dashboards are presented for practitioners and researchers.

Export Citation: Plain Text (APA)     BIBTeX     RIS

Supplementary Material

No Supplementary Material Available

References (25)

Arnold, K. E., & Pistilli, M. D. (2012). Course Signals at Purdue: Using learning analytics to increase student success. Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Learning Analytics and Knowledge (LAK ʼ12), 29 April–2 May 2012, Vancouver, BC, Canada (pp. 267–270). New York: ACM.

Bakharia, A., & Dawson, S. (2011). SNAPP: A bird’s-eye view of temporal participant interaction. Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Learning Analytics and Knowledge (LAK ʼ11), 27 February–1 March 2011, Banff, AB, Canada (pp. 168–173). New York: ACM.

Brusilovsky, P. (2000). Adaptive hypermedia: From intelligent tutoring systems to web-based education. In G. Gauthier, C. Frasson, K. VanLehn (Eds.), Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems (ITS 2000), 19–23 June 2000, Montreal, QC, Canada (pp. 1–7). Springer. doi:10.1007/3-540-45108-0_1

Card, S. K., Mackinlay, J., & Shneiderman, B. (Eds.). (1999). Readings in information visualization: Using vision to think. Burlington, MA: Morgan Kaufmann Publishers.

Charleer, S., Klerkx, J., Odriozola, S., Luis, J., & Duval, E. (2013). Improving awareness and reflection through collaborative, interactive visualizations of badges. In M. Kravcik, B. Krogstie, A. Moore, V. Pammer, L. Pannese, M. Prilla, W. Reinhardt, & T. D. Ullmann (Eds.), Proceedings of the 3rd Workshop on Awareness and Reflection in Technology Enhanced Learning (AR-TEL ’13), 17 September 2013, Paphos, Cyprus (pp. pp. 69–81).

Dillenbourg, P., Zufferey, G., Alavi, H., Jermann, P., Do-lenh, S., Bonnard, Q., Cuendet, S., & Kaplan, F. (2011). Classroom orchestration: The third circle of usability. Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL 2011), 4–8 July 2011, Hong Kong, China (vol. I, pp. 510–517). International Society of the Learning Sciences.

Elliot, K. (2016). 39 studies about human perception in 30 minutes. Presented at OpenVis 2016. https://medium.com/@kennelliott/39-studies-about-human-perception-in-30-minutes-4728f9e31a73#.rs7z3ch6i

Engelbart, D. (1995). Toward augmenting the human intellect and boosting our collective IQ. Communications of the ACM, 38(8), 30–34.

Few, S. (2009). Now you see it: Simple visualization techniques for quantitative analysis. Berkeley, CA: Analytics Press.

Govaerts, S., Verbert, K., Duval, E., & Pardo, A. (2012). The student activity meter for awareness and self-reflection. CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems: Extended Abstracts (CHI EA ’12), 5–10 May 2012, Austin, TX, USA (pp. 869–884). New York: ACM.

Harrison, L., Yang, F., Franconeri, S., & Chang, R. (2014). Ranking visualizations of correlation using Weber’s law. IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics, 20(12), 1943–1952.

Heer, J., & Shneiderman, B. (2012, February). Interactive dynamics for visual analysis. Queue – Microprocessors, 10(2), 30.

Levy, E., Zacks, J., Tversky, B., & Schiano, D. (1996, April). Gratuitous graphics? Putting preferences in perspective. Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI ’96), 13–18 April 1996, Vancouver, BC, Canada (pp. 42–49). New York: ACM.

Mackinlay, J. (1986). Automating the design of graphical presentations of relational information. Transactions on Graphics, 5(2), 110–141.

McDonnel, B., & Elmqvist, N. (2009). Towards utilizing GPUs in information visualization: A model and implementation of image-space operations. IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics, 15(6), 1105–1112.

Nagel, T., Maitan, M., Duval, E., Vande Moere, A., Klerkx, J., Kloeckl, K., & Ratti, C. (2014). Touching transport: A case study on visualizing metropolitan public transit on interactive tabletops. Proceedings of the 12th International Working Conference on Advanced Visual Interfaces (AVI 2014), 27–29 May 2014, Como, Italy (pp. 281–288). New York: ACM.

Nagel, T. (2015). Unfolding data: Software and design approaches to support casual exploration of tempo-spatial data on interactive tabletops. Leuven, Belgium: KU Leuven, Faculty of Engineering Science.

Ochoa, X., Verbert, K. Chiluiza, K., & Duval, E. (2016). Uncertainty visualization in learning analytics. Work in progress for IEEE Transactions on Learning Technologies.

Plaisant, C. (2004). The challenge of information visualization evaluation. Proceedings of the 2nd International Working Conference on Advanced Visual Interfaces (AVI ’04), 25–28 May 2004, Gallipoli, Italy (pp. 109–116). New York: ACM.

Santos, O. C., Boticario, J. G., Romero, C., Pechenizkiy, M., Merceron, A., Mitros, P., Luna, J. M., Mihaescu, C., Moreno, P., Hershkovitz, A., Ventura, S., & Desmarais, M. (Eds.). (2015). Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Educational Data Mining (EDM2015), 26–29 June 2015, Madrid, Spain. International Educational Data Mining Society.

Shneiderman, B., & Bederson, B. B. (2003). The craft of information visualization: Readings and reflections. Burlington, MA: Morgan Kaufmann Publishers.

Spence, R. (2001). Information visualization: Design for interaction, 1st ed. Salt Lake City, UT: Addison-Wesley.

Tufte, E. R. (2001). The visual display of quantitative information, 2nd ed. Cheshire, CT: Graphics Press LLC.

Verbert, K., Govaerts, S., Duval, E., Santos, J., Assche, F., Parra, G., & Klerkx, J. (2014). Learning dashboards: An overview and future research opportunities. Personal and Ubiquitous Computing, 18(6), 1499–1514.

Ware, C. (2004). Information visualization: Perception for design, 2nd ed. Burlington, MA: Morgan Kaufmann Publishers.

About this Chapter

Learning Analytics Dashboards

Book Title
Handbook of Learning Analytics

pp. 143-150




Society for Learning Analytics Research

Joris Klerkx
Katrien Verbert
Erik Duval

Author Affiliations
Department of Computer Science, KU Leuven, Belgium

Charles Lang1
George Siemens2
Alyssa Wise3
Dragan Gašević4

Editor Affiliations
1. Teachers College, Columbia University, USA
2. LINK Research Lab, University of Texas at Arlington, USA
3. Learning Analytics Research Network, New York University, USA
4. Schools of Education and Informatics, University of Edinburgh, UK


Register | Lost Password